Albert’s Story: Chapter 1, Part 2

Chapter 1

: Page 2 of 2
Albert’s aunt, Judith Hoschander, 1920s.

Albert’s aunt, Judith Hoschander, 1920s.

With the increasing persecution of Jews, Albert’s aunt, Judith, decided to leave Germany. She pretended to go on a visit to Switzerland, and invited Mrs. Friedlander to join her. Secretly, Aunt Judith and Mrs. Friedlander both carried bars of gold with them. The gold belonged to Aunt Judith. She had been a successful real-estate agent, and wanted to escape Germany with all that she had earned. After a brief visit in Switzerland together, Mrs. Friedlander came back to her family in Berlin, while Aunt Judith took her gold to Jerusalem and invested in an apartment where she believed she could settle down to live free from the Nazi threat.

For all those German Jews who were still in Germany, whether because they couldn’t or wouldn’t leave, a central Jewish organization called the Reichsvertretung represented them, advocated on their behalf, and provided social services. The organization, which was founded in 1933, was headed by Albert’s rabbi, Rabbi Leo Baeck.

Testimony: “Becoming A Super Jew”

“I started thinking about my future and I decided I was going to be a rabbi.”

—Albert Friedlander

Albert (to the right of the sign, one row down, in glasses) among the boys at a Jewish sporting event of the Theodore Herzl School, 1937.

Albert (to the right of the sign, one row down, in glasses) among the boys at a Jewish sporting event of the Theodore Herzl School, 1937.

In 1936, Albert and his brother began attending the Theodore Herzl School, a Jewish school named after the famous Zionist leader. Hebrew language classes and training for aliya, or emigration to Palestine, were included among the lessons at the school. Sending children to the Palestine was one way to get them out of Germany. Albert enjoyed going to a Jewish school. As he became more aware of what it meant to be Jewish, he also became more interested in the lectures of the rabbi at synagogue and started to think about his future. He decided he wanted to be a rabbi.

Chapter 1

: Page 2 of 2


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