Credits

Coming of Age in the Holocaust – Coming of Age Now is a project of the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust in New York in collaboration with Yad LaYeled – The Ghetto Fighters’ Holocaust and Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum in Israel, made possible by generous grants from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany: The Rabbi Israel Miller Fund for Shoah Research, Documentation and Education.

Logos

The Museum offers heartfelt thanks to the survivors and their families who so generously contributed their stories to the curriculum. Including:

  • Albert Friedlander
  • Anna Signett
  • Aza Ronen Cohen
  • Esther Tzoref
  • Inge Oppenheimer
  • Livia Bitton-Jackson
  • Paul Hodys
  • Marek Herman
  • Meirke Agami
  • Yvonne Campbell
  • Moritz Goldfeier
  • Rachel Swirski
  • Yisrael Rosenblum

Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust:

Ilana Abramovitch, Ivy L. Barsky, Elizabeth Edelstein, Allison Farber (Website Manager), Rina Goldberg, Nili Isenberg (Curriculum Manager), Igor Kotler, Lou Levine, Paul Radensky, Alice Rubin, Abby Spilka

Yad LaYeled — The Ghetto Fighters’ Holocaust and Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum:

Beth Dotan, Zvi Dror, Orly Gal, Judy Grossman, Madene Shachar, Dr. Moshe Shner, Tali Shner

Historical Consultant:

Yitzchak Mais

Web Design:

C&G Partners LLC

DVD Editing:

Second Look Productions

Testimonies:

Fortunoff Video Archives for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library; Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust; University of Southern California Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education

Credits for Photographs

Albert’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Albert and the Friedlander family, reproduced with the permission of Dorrit Friedlander and Michal Friedlander Ben-Hur.
  • Photograph of Jewish sporting event at the Theodore Herzl School in Berlin, by Herbert Sonnenfeld, 1937, from the collection of the Jewish Museum Berlin.
  • Photo of Rabbi Albert H. Friedlander, 2004. Photograph by John R. Rifkin.
  • Red Cross letter from Max Stern in Havana to Carl Stern in Brussels. Gift of Gertrud L. Stern to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Photograph of Leo Baeck with Lady Lilly H. Montague. Gift of Carol Biermann to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Interior view of Borneplatz synagogue decorated for Shavuot. Gift of Herman Strauss and Norbert Strauss to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Winter Aid Identification Card of Heinz Motulski. Gift of Henry Morley to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Adolf Hamburger. Gift of Ronnie Hamburger Burrows to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Mezuzah Parchment Taken from Synagogue Destroyed on Kristallnacht. Gift of Margot Brandes to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Torah Scroll Saved by Seligmann Baer Bamberger. Gift of Joseph A. Bamberger and family to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Negative of the Bauer Home after Kristallnacht. Gift of Henry Bauer in memory of Irma, Ludwig and Werner Bauer to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Anna’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Anna and her family, reproduced with the permission of Ann Signett
  • Interior of the Great Synagogue in Rome, reproduced with the permission of Ann Signett.
  • Drawing of Italian hill town, by Mavro Moster, 1943. Gift of Mary Levine to the Museum of Jewish Heritage – A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Certificate of Good Character for Abraham Piller issued by the Jewish Committee of Santa Cesarea. Gift of Abraham and Pauline Piller and family to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Paula and Jozef Stein on their honeymoon. Gift of Elias Stein, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Saturnia. Gift of the Landerer family in loving memory of the Frischer and Betfort families to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Book Illustration of the Jewish Ghetto in Rome. Gift from the Harry B. and Branka J. Sondheim Judaica Collection to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of 50th Anniversary Celebration of Marcus and Sarah Lager. Gift of Ella Lager Brody to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Document of Appreciation for Flaminio Corcos for Participation in the Italo-Turkish War. Gift of Anita Carras in memory of Flaminio Corcos to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Elka Elyaskevitch. Gift of Elsa Beck to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Hans Levi in a Catholic orphanage in Milan. Gift of Margie Nitzan to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Trieste Synagogue filled with Books Taken from Jewish homes. Gift of Comunita Ebraica di Trieste to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Invasion of Italy Bracelet of GI Leon Halperin. Gift of Joy F. Halperin to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Handmade Chicken Made by Jewish Refugees. Gift of Pauline M. Shook in memory of Vernon P. Shook to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Health Card of Sol Moskowitz. Gift of Sol and Miriam Moskowitz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Transit Camp Drama Group in St. Maria, Italy. Gift of Sol and Miriam Moskowitz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Refugees Trained as Nurses by ORT Nursing Mission. Gift of Gabriele D. Schiff to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Italian Internment Camp Notebook of Ida Labi. Gift of Joan E. Gerstler in memory of Simon Kortto the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Aza’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Aza, her friends and family, and Kibbutz Ein Harod, reproduced with the permission of Aza Ronen Cohen and Kibbutz Ein Harod.
  • Janusz Korczak and Stefania Wilczynska with children and staff members from their orphanage in Warsaw, circa 1936 – 1938, from the collection of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Romuald Wroblewski. (The views and opinions expressed in this curriculum and the context in which the images are used do not necessarily reflect the views or policy of, nor imply approval or endorsement by, the USHMM.)
  • “Tehran Children” at the end of their journey, 1943, from the collection of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of David Laor. (The views and opinions expressed in this curriculum and the context in which the images are used do not necessarily reflect the views or policy of, nor imply approval or endorsement by, the USHMM.)
  • Letter from Janusz Korczak, from the collection of the Ghetto Fighters’ Museum.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • “The Eternal Jew” Movie Poster. None, Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Postcard from Ruth Amster in Amsterdam to her Mother in Kassel. Gift of Ruth Meador to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Skis Used by Helene Ehrlich. Gift of Robert, Kornelia, Thomas and Kate Ehrlich to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Flowers made by Else Sachs. Gift of Gisela Sachs Adamski to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Pair of Mismatched Tefillin Obtained by Shmuel Stern at Buchenwald. Gift of Stanley Stern to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Chaim and Awiwa Finkelstejn. Gift of Aviva F. Blumberg to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Toy Bunny of Ludwig Biermann. Gift of Carol Biermann to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Elli’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Elli and her family, reproduced with the permission of Livia Bitton-Jackson.
  • Yellow Star from Hungary, circa 1944-1945. Gift of Klara Wolf to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • German soldier cutting a man’s beard. Gift of Sidney Bassin to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Jews being deported from Slovakia, 1942. Gift of Abraham L. Grussgott to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Auschwitz, gate of death. Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Interior of women’s barracks, Auschwitz, 1988. Photograph © Ira Nowinski.
  • American military police inspecting train cars upon liberation, Dachau, 1945. Gift of Lawrence F. Kinlon, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Avoid Jewish businesses sign. Gift of Millie Stoerger in memory of her father, Nathan Mathes to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • St. Louis album. Gift of Peter Schleger in memory of Susan Schleger to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Edita Reichova and friends. Gift of Edith Alexander to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Deportation of Bardejov Jews. Gift of Abraham L. Grussgott to the Museum of Jewish Heritage – A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Prisoner Number 58150 of Elizabeth Kroó. Gift of Elizabeth Kroo Teitelbaum to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Album Made by Jerome Mahrer. Gift of Jerome and Carolyn Mahrer to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Portrait of a Child by Johann Eisler. Gift of Eva Cecovickova-Novotna to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Child’s Drawing from Portfolio, lullaby. Gift of Milton and Gita Kaufman and Howard and Sue Pinsky to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Jan Braun. Gift of John Balan to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Concentration Camp Inmate Badge. Gift of Elizabeth Kroo Teitelbaum to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Yellow star – Modavia. Gift of Goldie Damast to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Yellow star of Klara Wolf – Hungary. Gift of Klara Wolf to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Bulgarian Jewish Star Button of Rosette Bakish. Gift of Rosette Bakish to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Sketch of Susan Weiss. Gift of Susan Welber to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Jews at Forced Labor. Gift of Edith Alexander to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Ladislav Alexander in Forced Labor Camp. Gift of Edith Alexander to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Drawing of a Forced Laborer and Guard. Gift of Charles Barber in honor of Dr. Paul Barber to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Esther’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Esther and her family, reproduced with the permission of Esther Tzoref.
  • Jakub, Sarah, Maniek, Emilia, and Henryk Wiener on a street in Chorzow, Poland, 1934, from the collection of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. (The views and opinions expressed in this curriculum and the context in which the images are used do not necessarily reflect the views or policy of, nor imply approval or endorsement by, the USHMM.)
  • Slave laborers in a stone quarry at the concentration camp, Mauthausen, in Austria. Gift of Tobias and Ann Weisbord to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • View of barracks in Stutthof, from the collection of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Panstwowe Muzeum Stutthof. (The views and opinions expressed in this curriculum and the context in which the images are used do not necessarily reflect the views or policy of, nor imply approval or endorsement by, the USHMM.)
  • Adults and youngsters with Jewish flag near truck to train. Gift of Robert Marx, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Stutthof concentration camp: a motif of the camp. None, Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Passport with entry visa to Palestine of Menachem Mendel Zvi Hirsh Barlas. Gift of Benjamin Barlas to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Photograph of Group Wedding in the Lodz Ghetto. Gift of Elizabeth, Gail, and Sandy Peters to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Lodz Ghetto Announcement #327. None, Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Man in Zawiercie Ghetto. Gift of Jan Jakob Smulewicz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Liberation Dress of Frania Bratt. Gift of Frania Bratt Blum to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Liberation of Mauthausen. Gift of Abraham Charnov, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • “The Rainbow Haggadah,” 42nd Infantry Division. Anonymous donation to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Refugee Children Immigrating to Israel. Gift of Sylvia Rath to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Painting of Post Office in Cyprus DP Camp. Gift of Rose Sigal-Ibsen in memory of Albert Dov Sigal to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of the Arrival of Ha-Umot Ha-Meukhadot. Gift of Annelies and Helmut Herz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Inge’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos and artifacts of Inge and her family, reproduced with the permission of Inge Oppenheimer.
  • Terezin, drawing by Peter Loewentstein, 1943. Gift of Herman and Gerda Korngold to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Essenausgabe, drawing by Peter Loewentstein, 1942. Gift of Herman and Gerda Korngold to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Auschwitz, 1988. Photograph © Ira Nowinski.
  • Telegram from Dr. Graefe in Cologne to Gestapo commanders in Warsaw, Radom, Cracow, Lublin and Lemberg. Gift of Hannah and Rolf Wartenberg to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Der Tog – Roosevelt’s death. Gift of Kenneth A. Silver to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • “SS Hund” by Leo Haas. None, Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Heart with Flowers Made by Zuzana Hojtasova in the Terezin Ghetto. Gift of Milton and Gita Kaufman and Howard and Sue Pinsky to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Spice Box Hidden by the Rosenberg Family. Gift of Judith G. Thaler to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Deportation to Auschwitz. Gift of Alfred Kantor to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Havadalah Candle from Auschwitz. Gift of Sugar siblings in memory of Rosenfeld & Schwartz families, to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Women’s Barracks in Birkenau. © Ira Nowinski
  • Alex Frank Orkow with His Adoptive Parents. Gift of Alex Frank Orkow in loving memory of Ruth and David Orkow to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Wladyslaw Grodzinski. Gift of Robert Marx, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Hanukkah Celebration in the Bergen-Belsen Displaced Persons Camp. Gift of Judith Naomi Fish to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Marek’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos and documents of Marek, his friends, and family reproduced with the permission of Marek Herman.
  • Tefillin. Gift of Stanley Stern to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Students at He-Halutz evening school. Gift of Yehuda Tamir to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Untitled drawing deportation. Gift of Charles Barber in honor of Dr. Paul Barber to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Street scene Lodz, Poland. Gift of Herbert Wasserman to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Arrival of the illegal ship Ha-Umot Ha-meukhadot. Gift of Annelies and Helmut Herz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Flag with swastika. Anonymous donation to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Bar mitzvah prayer shawl of Herman David. Gift of Fred and Ruth Goldschmidt to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Military Book with False Information for Istvan Torday. Gift of Stephen Torday to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • False ID of Ruth Strauss in the Name of Yvonne Sapin. Gift of Ruth Strauss Schloss to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • False ID of Herta Dattner in the Name of Jeanne-Marie DeClerck. Gift of Kurt and Erika Dattner to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Belt Worn by Simon Palevsky as a Partisan. Gift of Simon and Chaya Palevsky to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Efrem Zaslavsky in Partisan Uniform Jacket. Gift of Faina Zaslavskaya in memory of the Margolin family to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Towel Used by Partisan Chaya Porus. Gift of Simon and Chaya Palevsky to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Spice Box Made by Salamon Katz in a DP Camp. Gift of Salamon and Jolan Katz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Borys (Boris) Blum in Landsberg Displaced Persons Camp. Gift of Frania Bratt Blum to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • JDC Displaced Persons Camp Seder Plate. None, Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Meir’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos, documents, and artifacts of Meir and his family reproduced with the permission of Meirke Agami.
  • Organization chart showing the structure of the administration of the Terezin Ghetto, by Peter Loewenstein, 1941 – 1944. Gift of Herman and Gerda Korngold to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Artist’s proof for engraving of Cyprus, 1947, by Albert Dov Sigal. Gift of Rose Sigal-Ibsen in memory of Albert Dov Sigal to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Supplemental ration card for Juda Putersznyt, Lodz. Gift of Elizabeth, Gail, and Sandy Peters to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Cardboard Tag of Hildegard Biermann. Gift of Carol Biermann to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Tallit Found in Ruins of the Warsaw Ghetto by Shlomo Schlesinger. Gift of Sidney and Helen Schlesinger and family to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Pants Worn by Andreas Sipos in the Budapest Ghetto. Gift of Andreas and Susan Sipos to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of a Lodz Ghetto Workshop. Gift of Elizabeth, Gail, and Sandy Peters to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Children in Partisan Uniforms. Gift of Josef Pessach, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Partisans Nusan Weiss with Josef and Maria Paserin. Gift of Joseph Garay to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Shirt Worn by Tuvia Bielsky as a Partisan. Gift of Lillian Bielsky-Bell to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Denise Feiler at Her First Communion. Gift of Denise Feiler Bensaid to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Kurt Dattner in Hiding at Christian Brothers School. Gift of Kurt and Erika Dattner to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Members of the Rapaport Family While in Hiding. Gift of Eva Edmands to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Moshe’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Moshe and the Goldfeier family, reproduced with the permission of Moritz Goldfeier.
  • Jewish forced laborers marching with shovels, drawing by A. Lakos, Hungary, 1944. Gift of Charles Barber in honor of Dr. Paul Barber to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Inmates in striped uniforms walking to work, postcard, from the collection of the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Deportation action in the Brzeziny ghetto. Institute National Remembrance, Poland.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Photograph of Rivka Rachel, Yacob-Mayer, and Balcya Solarz. Gift of Nuta and Bella Markowicz in memory of Halinka Markowicz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Socks Worn by Aurelia Gamzer, as a Child Hiding in Lvov. Gift of Ruth Gamser Gruener to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Report Card of Anna Elzbieta Betfort. Gift of the Landerer family in loving memory of the Frischer and Betfort families to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Israel Hecht with Hebrew School Students and Teachers. Gift of Thomas T. Hecht and Celina Hecht to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Questionnaire for Immigrants from Europe Arriving Since January 1, 1933. None, Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • US Immigrant Identification Card of Blima Rock. Gift of Lenore Geller and Cheryl Duboys to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Literacy Certificate of Hyman Metzger. Gift of Ruth Metzger Bader to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Pawel’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos and documents of Pawel, his friends, and relatives reproduced with permission of Helen Hodys.
  • Drawing of students learning how to operate machinery in a Lodz Ghetto factory, 1944. Gift of Elizabeth, Gail, and Sandy Peters to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Drawing depicting Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski, head of the Lodz Ghetto Judenrat, 1940. Gift of Mary Feigenblatt to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Drawing of Auschwitz by Alfred Kantor, 1944. Gift of Alfred Kantor to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Liberation of Dachau, April 1945, photograph by Dr. Irving Chinitz. Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Irving Chinitz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Photograph of Lodz Ghetto Policemen. Gift of Ray Kaner to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Yellow star of Nachman Zonabend. Gift of Nachman Zonabend to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Boys in a Lodz Ghetto Workshop. Gift of Elizabeth, Gail, and Sandy Peters to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Lodz Ghetto Announcement #327. None, Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Drawing of Barbed Wire at Birkenau. Gift of Alfred Kantor to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Surveyor’s Instrument Used in Auschwitz with Box. Gift of Paula Birnholz Retig to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Auschwitz Uniform of Charles Katzengold. Gift of Georgette Cassen to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Postcard from Walter Bermann in Dachau to His Wife and Parents in Vienna. Gift of Walter and Regina Berman to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Banner from Dachau. Gift of the Estate of Dr. Max Richter to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Corridor to Gas Chambers at Dachau. Gift of Louis S. Smith, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Rachel’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos and documents of Rachel, her family, and friends reproduced with the permission of Rachel Swirski.
  • View of the “Exodus” arriving in Haifa harbor, from the collection of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Avi Livney. (The views and opinions expressed in this curriculum and the context in which the images are used do not necessarily reflect the views or policy of, nor imply approval or endorsement by, the USHMM.)
  • Hebrew alphabet written by Abram Ioffe. Gift of Zalman Ioffe and Yelena Yoffe to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Children walk along an unpaved street in the Frysztak ghetto. Archiwum Dokumentacji Mechanicznej, Poland.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Photograph of Girls’ Bet Yaacov Hebrew School. Gift of Chana Fels to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Goldman-Landau Women’s High School ID Card of Eugenja Braun. Gift of David and Janet Rogowsky to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of High School Students. Gift of Ben Giladi to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photgraph of Josef Glikson, Cypora Fajnzylber Glikson, and David Minster. Gift of Cypora and Josef Glikson to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Revue Theater on Tour in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Gift of Felix Fibich and Judith Berg to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Al Lee, Avriel Levontine, and Eric Rath, Organizers of Refugee Airlift to Israel. Gift of Sylvia Rath to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Jacket Worn by Fay Rechtman in the Israel Defense Forces. Gift of Fay Rechtman Storch to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Arrival of Ha-Umot Ha-Meukhadot. Gift of Annelies and Helmut Herz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Album of the History of Exodus 1947 for Vida Kaufman. Gift of Judith Naomi Fish to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Yisrael’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Yisrael and his family, reproduced with the permission of Yisrael Rosenblum.
  • A streetcar runs through the streets of the Warsaw Ghetto, 1942, from the collection of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. (The views and opinions expressed in this curriculum and the context in which the images are used do not necessarily reflect the views or policy of, nor imply approval or endorsement by, the USHMM.)
  • Drawing of Cyprus, 1947, by Albert Dov Sigal. Gift of Rose Sigal-Ibsen in memory of Albert Dov Sigal to the Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Entrance to the Novaky labor camp. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Bedrich Vohryzek.

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Burial of Torah Scrolls Ruined in Flood. Gift of Sonia Tschurilow to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Rozental Family Photograph. Gift of Fred Rosenthal to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Winter in Druya, Poland. Gift of Sonia Tschurilow to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Members of Ha-Noar Ha-Zioni. Gift of Ben Giladi to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Candlestick of Rysya Aleksandrovskaya. Gift of Arkady Aleksandrovsky in memory of Rysya Aleksandrovskaya to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Permission for Suse Hojtas to Receive Half Soles on Shoes in the Terezin Ghetto. Gift of Milton and Gita Kaufman and Howard and Sue Pinsky to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Lodz Ghetto Work Card of Shaja Rybowski. Gift of Helen Rybowski to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Hand-Embroidered Blouse of Rachel, then Chaya Porus. Gift of Simon and Chaya Palevsky to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Bedrich Taussig on Farm in Dvur Lobkovice. Gift of Frederick Terna to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Farmhouse of Jan and Julia Trnovsky. Gift of Helen Berglas Elbaum to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

Yvonne’s Story

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Photos of Yvonne and her family, reproduced with the permission of Yvonne Campbell.
  • Communion photo of Denise Feiler, Seiches, France, May 18, 1944. Gift of Denise Feiler Bensaid to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Children from Lomna orphanage with nun and other adults. Gift of Lidia Siciarz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photos veritables de la Liberation de Paris. Gift of Ralph Fierstein-Feuerstein and Regina Cajgfinger Feuerstein to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • German troops march into Paris. France, June 1940. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Karl Neumann

Artifacts in Slideshows

  • Sculpture of Cat, Carved by Ansjel Liberman. Gift of Helene Dworzan to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Propaganda Poster Supporting German Army in France. Gift of Charles Levin to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • French Book, “The Beast is Dead! When the Beast is Unleashed.” Gift of Georgette Cassen to the Museum of Jewish Heritage – A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Fredek Rozental. Gift of Fred Rosenthal to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Vichy Identity Card for Cynzie (Cela) Cajfinger. Gift of Willy Waks to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Pocket Guide to the Cities of Southern France. Gift of Shari Segel Goldberg to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • False ID Card of Ruth Strauss in the Name of Yvonne Sapin. Gift of Ruth Strauss Schloss to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Poetry Book of Liliane Helszajn. Gift of Lilly Glass to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Sister Zofia Olszewska and Girls from Lomna Orphanage. Gift of Lidia Siciarz to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Potholder on Toy Loom of Yocheved Farber. Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Photograph of Jan Braun. Gift of John Balan to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

General Website Banner Images

Photographs in the Story, Banner, and Personal Timeline

  • Postcard from Ruth Amster in Amsterdam to Her Father in the Kitchener Camp. Gift of Ruth Meador to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Andre Marx with three children seated at desk, three standing. Gift of Robert Marx, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Passport of Berta “Sara” Hamburger, with J. Gift of Ronnie Hamburger Burrows to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Deportation of Bardejov Jews. Gift of Abraham L. Grussgott to the Museum of Jewish Heritage – A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.

World Timeline Images

  • Signed Photograph of Adolf Hitler. Gift of Elsie O. Sang in memory of Philip D. Sang to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Ruth Marx at race track in front of sign excluding Jews. Gift of Ruth Marx-Reich to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Negative strip of Bauer family home after Kristallnacht destruction. Gift of Henry Bauer in memory of Irma, Ludwig and Werner Bauer to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Polish citizens dig anti-tank trenches. US Holocaust Memorial Museum courtesy of the Julien Bryan Archive.
  • A German soldier travelling by train in the USSR. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Philip Merilatt.
  • Smoke billows out from U.S. ships hit during the Japanese air attack on Pearl Harbor. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College Park.
  • D-Day, Americans landing on the coast of France. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College Park.
  • Envelope from Berlin, Germany commemorating Victory in Europe Day. Gift of Yehuda Nir in memory of his father, Samuel Grunfeld, to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.
  • Der Tog – proclamation of the State of Israel Gift of Kenneth A. Silver to the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.


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